Geography

“Geography explains the past, illuminates the present and prepares us for the future. What could be more important than that?” – Michael Palin 2009

Geography is the study of the Earth’s landscapes, people, places and environments. At St. Anthony’s we study a wide range of topics which help students to understand the amazing place we live in! We also develop a variety of geographical skills, such as map work, photo analysis, enquiry, group work, presentation skills and critical thinking – all essential for preparing students for life beyond school!

Key Stage 3 Geography

At Key Stage 3 we study a range of exciting topics covering Physical, Human and Environmental Geography. Using a wide range of teaching and learning activities, we study topics at a variety of scales, from our local area to worldwide issues. We also aim to develop important geographical skills such as map reading, drawing and interpreting graphs, critical thinking and debate. Year 7 visit Killhope, a fully restored 19th Century Lead Mine, where the students experience for themselves the life and work of the lead mining families of this area. Year 8 visit Houghall Farm, a working farm near Durham. On this half-day visit, the students get a guided tour of the farm and the farmer explains about their work with the animals and crops, as well as the importance of these for our food supply.

Key Stage 4 Geography

At Key Stage 4 we study the AQA A exam specification. This course consists of two examinations, both taken at the end of Year 11, and a Local Fieldwork Investigation. The subjects covered include “The Coastal Zone”, “Restless Earth”, “Rocks, resources and scenery”, “Population change” and “Tourism”.

Students also complete a Local Fieldwork Investigation, which involves collecting data in the field about a chosen topic, presenting their data and finally interpreting their results. In recent years we have visited the tourist town of Whitby with the aim to investigate the impacts of tourism on the area. In preparation for their fieldwork investigation, Year 10 students also visit the Honeypot site of Malham, in the Yorkshire Dales.

Key Stage 5 Geography

A Level Geography offers a natural progression from GCSE. A level geographers study both human and physical landscapes in a range of countries and at a variety of scales, identifying what they are like and how they are changing. Geography is a flexible subject, making it an excellent combination with many other subjects. It is particularly appealing to those students who want to maintain strong links with the ‘real world’ outside the classroom. Geography can be classed as a science, a social science or an arts subject and therefore, A level geographers follow many varied careers and courses after school.

All Key Stage 5 students will study core human and physical geography. In each area of study students will consider their own values and attitudes to the issues being studied and support their learning through the study of specific case studies. Students will also develop a variety of geographical skills, which will broaden and deepen existing knowledge.

Year 7

Topics covered

What is Geography? – The different strands of Geography

Mapskills – students cover a wide range of mapskills and graphing techniques

Exploring Britain – Students prepare tours of Britain for American tourists

Water – This topic is broken down in Rainfall and Water Supply, Micro Climates and Rivers

Africa – Students look at the continent of Africa and explore many aspects of its physical and human geography

 

Skills Developed

Students are required to develop and demonstrate a range of geographical skills, including cartographic, graphical, numerical and statistical skills, throughout their study of the course.

 

Formal Assessments

Students will be assessed through exam-style questions/ investigations throughout the year.  There are three formal timed assessments, in line with the school assessment policy.

 

Resources

Textbooks:

Geog 1, 2 and 3

Connections

Interactions

Foundations

Useful Websites

http://www.geographyalltheway.com/ks3_geography.htm

http://www.bbc.co.uk/education/subjects/zrw76sg

http://geography.learnontheinternet.co.uk/ks3/index.html

http://www.rgs.org/OurWork/Schools/Teaching+resources/Key+Stage+3+resources/Key+Stage+3+resources.htm

 

 

Year 8

Topics covered

World Map – Students plot the countries, continents, seas and oceans of the world onto blank maps.  They will produce a piece of creative writing based on the information they plot

Population – Students take a look at world population and the problems certain countries face with issues such as over population

India and The Global Fashion Industry – Students complete a country study of India and then take a look at the global fashion industry with regards to how and where their clothes are made

Coasts – Students explore the coasts and its changing geology

Tourism – Students explore the different environments around the world which are becoming popular with tourists.

 

Skills Developed

Students are required to develop and demonstrate a range of geographical skills, including cartographic, graphical, numerical and statistical skills, throughout their study of the course.

Formal Assessments

Students will be assessed through exam-style questions/ investigations throughout the year.  There are three formal timed assessments, in line with the school assessment policy.

Resources Textbooks:

Geog 1, 2 and 3

Connections

Interactions

Foundations

Useful Websites

http://www.geographyalltheway.com/ks3_geography.htm

http://www.bbc.co.uk/education/subjects/zrw76sg

http://geography.learnontheinternet.co.uk/ks3/index.html

http://www.rgs.org/OurWork/Schools/Teaching+resources/Key+Stage+3+resources/Key+Stage+3+resources.htm

 

Fieldwork

Students take part in a coastal walk along the coastline of South Shields.  The main focus is to look at the changing coastal features.  Students are also asked to complete a survey of the tourists’ attractions available in this area

Year 9

Topics covered

The living world:

  • Ecosystems
  • Tropical Rainforests
  • Hot deserts

 

 

The challenge of natural hazards

  • Natural hazards
  • Tectonic hazards
  • Weather hazards
  • Climate Change

 

Physical landscapes in the UK

  • River landscapes in the UK

 

Skills Developed

Students are required to develop and demonstrate a range of geographical skills, including cartographic, graphical, numerical and statistical skills, throughout their study of the course. Ordnance Survey (OS) maps or other map extracts may be used in any of the exams.

Formal Assessments

Students will be assessed through exam-style questions throughout the year.  There are three formal timed assessments, in line with the school assessment policy.

 

Resources

Students will have access to reference copies of the new AQA approved textbooks located in the library.

AQA GCSE (9-1) Geography Hodder Education

GCSE Geography AQA Student Book – Oxford University Press

GCSE Geography for AQA Student Book – Cambridge University Press

http://www.gcsegeography.co.uk/

https://www.geography.org.uk/

http://www.geography.learnontheinternet.co.uk/

http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/geography/

 

Year 10

Following the New AQA Geography specification

The challenge of natural hazards

 

Weather hazards – students will study the following:

 

  • Global atmospheric circulation helps to determine patterns of weather and climate.
  • Tropical storms (hurricanes, cyclones, typhoons) develop as a result of particular physical conditions.
  • Tropical storms have significant effects on people and the environment.
  • The UK is affected by a number of weather hazards.
  • Extreme weather events in the UK have impacts on human activity

 

Climate Change – students will study the following:

 

  • Climate change is the result of natural and human factors, and has a range of effects.
  • Managing climate change involves both mitigation (reducing causes) and adaptation (responding to change).

 

 

Challenges in the human environment

 

Urban issues and challengesstudents will study the following:

 

  • A growing percentage of the world’s population lives in urban areas.
  • Urban growth creates opportunities and challenges for cities in LICs and NEEs.
  • Urban change in cities in the UK leads to a variety of social, economic and environmental opportunities and challenges.
  • Urban sustainability requires management of resources and transport.

 

 

Changing economic world – students will study the following:

 

  • There are global variations in economic development and quality of life.
  • Various strategies exist for reducing the global development gap.
  • Some LICs and NEEs are experiencing rapid economic development which leads to significant social, environmental and cultural change.
  • Major changes in the economy of the UK have affected, and will continue to affect, employment patterns and regional growth.

 

 

Challenge of resource management

Resource management

  • Food, water and energy are fundamental to human development.
  • The changing demand and provision of resources in the UK create opportunities and challenges.

 

Food

  • Demand for food resources is rising globally but supply can be insecure, which may lead to conflict
  • Different strategies can be used to increase food supply

 

Physical landscapes in the UK

Coastal landscapes in the UK – students will study the following:

  • The coast is shaped by a number of physical processes.
  • Distinctive coastal landforms are the result of rock type, structure and physical processes.
  • Different management strategies can be used to protect coastlines from the effects of physical processes.

 

Skills Developed

Students are required to develop and demonstrate a range of geographical skills, including cartographic, graphical, numerical and statistical skills, throughout their study of the course. Ordnance Survey (OS) maps or other map extracts may be used in any of the exams.

 

Formal Assessments

 Students will be assessed through exam-style questions throughout the year.  There are six formal timed assessments (one each half term) in line with the school assessment policy.

 

Exam board and Specification

We follow the AQA examination board (new specification)

 

Resources

Students will have access to reference copies of the new AQA approved textbooks located in the library.

AQA GCSE (9-1) Geography Hodder Education

GCSE Geography AQA Student Book – Oxford University Press

GCSE Geography for AQA Student Book – Cambridge University Press

As this is a new course, revision resources will be available later in the year when they are released by the publishers.

Fieldwork

Students will undertake two geographical enquiries, each of which must include the use of primary data, collected as part of a fieldwork exercise.  This will take place at the end of Year 10 once the Coastal landscapes unit of work is complete.

Year 11

Topics Taught:

Controlled Assessment – The Impact of tourism in Whitby

This controlled assessment requires students to use fieldwork to investigate one question or hypothesis at a local scale.

 Students visited Whitby at the end of Year 10 to collect primary data.

Students will submit an extended piece of work prepared under controlled conditions.

The report on the investigation completed by the candidates has seven components:

  1. Introduction
  2. Methodology
  3. Sorting of data and other evidence
  4. Presentation of findings
  5. Description, interpretation and analysis of findings
  6. Conclusions
  7. Evaluation

 

Rocks, Resources and Scenery – students will study the following:

  • Geological time is on a different scale from human time
  • Rocks belong to one of three groups. Their formation is linked by the rock cycle.
  • Rocks are susceptible to weathering. The type of weathering that is most effective is determined by the composition of the rock and the climate.
  • Different rocks create contrasting landforms and landscapes – a study of granite; chalk and clay and Carboniferous limestone.
  • Granite; chalk and clay and Carboniferous limestone provide resources to extract, land to farm on and unique scenery for tourism.
  • Demand for resources has led to quarrying. This is an important issue and has led to conflict and debate.
  • Impact of quarrying on the environment can be reduced by careful, sustainable management.

 

Revision:  The Restless Earth (This topic was previously studied in year 9)

Students will study the following:

  • The Earth’s crust is unstable, especially at plate margins.
  • Unique landforms occur at plate margins.
  • People use these landforms as a resource and adapt to the conditions within them.
  • Volcanoes are hazards resulting from tectonic activity. Their primary and secondary effects are positive as well as negative. Responses change in the aftermath of an eruption.
  • Supervolcanoes are on a much bigger scale than other volcanoes and an eruption would have global consequences.
  • Earthquakes occur at constructive, destructive and conservative plate margins.
  • The effects of earthquakes and responses to them differ due to contrasts in levels of wealth.
  • Tsunamis are a specific secondary effect and can have devastating effects in coastal areas.

 

Revision: Tourism (This topic was previously studied in year 9)

Students will study the following:

  • The global growth of tourism has seen the exploitation of a range of different environments for holidaymakers.
  • Effective management strategies are the key to the continuing prosperity of tourist areas in the UK.
  • Mass tourism has advantages for an area but strategies need to be in place to reduce the likelihood of long-term damage.
  • Extreme environments are susceptible to environmental damage from the development of tourism.
  • Sustainability requires the development of ecotourism.

 

Skills Developed

Students are required to develop a range of geographical skills, including cartographic, graphical, enquiry and ICT skills.

 

Formal Assessments

 Students will be assessed through exam-style questions throughout the year.  There are four formal timed assessments in line with the school assessment policy.

 

Exam board and Specification

We follow the AQA examination board

 

Resources

Students are all issued with a CGP revision guide

Useful Websites:

http://www.gcsegeography.co.uk/

https://www.geography.org.uk/

http://www.geography.learnontheinternet.co.uk/

http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/geography/